There are several options to consider when choosing a bike apart from the modality, such as the material, the components and the budget, but since we are talking about the road, we must start with the type or style of the road bike.

Style

There are road bikes for different terrain or runner profiles. The first ones we are going to talk about are the aerodynamics or “aero” as we commonly call them.

These are easily distinguished, the profile of the tubes is thinner and the rims are usually thicker than the others, thus achieving a more aerodynamic surface and reducing contact with the wind. They can be heavier but much faster.

Another type of road bike is the stair climber, they are agile and high performance machines that focus on keeping the weight low and the energy transfer as high as possible. They have lightweight frames and are designed to perform at their best when climbing mountains and take off on the offensive on the descents.

There are also aero for time trials and triathlon, a much more exact discipline. They are the lightest, high-performance running bikes for high energy transfer. The general shape of the frames is aggressive and angular, they require a very good technique and a lot of strength in the core.

And finally the Gravel bikes for your adventures, the most popular in the last two years

The gravel has wider tires and lower gear ratios to facilitate driving on extreme profiles. With these bikes is where the line between mountain biking and the route is blurred.

Material

The best road bikes are made with carbon fiber, aluminum, steel, or some of these alloys. Each material has different characteristics, price, comfort and weight

The stiffness / weight ratio of carbon fiber is the best in any material used for cycling, not for nothing is it a favorite in the higher ranges.

Aluminum can be used to make light and stiff bikes. In addition, it is easier to work with than any other, which makes it the most economical option against carbon fiber.

Before, all bicycles were made of steel. These are still common today, and steel is much lighter and stronger now – a great place to start.

Brakes

Rim or Rim is the most traditional way of braking, and it is still the most common due to its simplicity and reduced weight, it is applied directly against the rims of your rim.

Disc brakes earn their name by placing a steel disc rotor on the wheel axle. There are two types, the hydraulics work with the help of brake fluid, the mechanical ones are simpler and are generally found on beginner bikes.

Group

The group consists of the cranks, chainrings, chains, cassette, tensioners, derailers and shifters of your bike. They improve the efficiency, durability and performance of your bike. The basic groups are mainly made of aluminum and regular quality steel, with a little more investment you will have better alloys, to reach the top with materials such as carbon fiber and titanium

Budget

The investment is important, but remember that the perfect bicycle is the one that best suits your needs. Frame and fork materials will change as price increases, as will groups. The wheel sets also go from aluminum to carbon fiber, with better bearings and longer life.